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Listeria Membrane Protrusion Collapse: Requirement of Cyclophilin a for Listeria Cell-To-Cell Spreading

By May 25, 2018No Comments

Listeria generate actin-rich tubular protrusions at the plasma membrane that propel the bacteria into neighbouring cells. The precise molecular mechanisms governing the formation of these protrusions remain poorly defined. Here we demonstrate that the PPIase Cyclophilin A (CypA) is hijacked by Listeria at membrane protrusions used for cell-to-cell spreading. CypA localizes within the F-actin of these structures and is crucial for their proper formation, as in cells depleted of CypA, these extended actin-rich structures are mis-shaped and collapsed due to changes within the F-actin network. The lack of structural integrity within the Listeria membrane protrusions hampers the microbes from spreading from CypA null cells. Our results demonstrate a crucial role for CypA during Listeria infections.